Concert Research

Especially in cuturally Western regions of the world, the concert is a very important and influential social context of music listening. It is closely intertwined with the development of instrumental music and the notion of musical autonomy and has led to the construction of dedicated buildings, as well as to institutions of its own.

In our research, we particularly focus on the so-called classical concert, that is live performances in which specialized ensembles play mostly Western art music in specifically dedicated venues, and study how this frame influences the aesthetic experience of music. We are mainly interested in those characteristics that distinguish a concert from other forms of music listening, namely its nature as a social form of live and attentive music listening.

Parts of this research take place locally at the ArtLab or in concert halls. At the same time, we are part of an international team that conducts two projects entitled Experimental Concert Research and  Digital Concert Experience. Both projects are funded by the Volkswagen Foundation.


Martin Tröndle (Friedrichshafen)


Hauke Egermann (York), Wolfgang Tschacher (Bern), Folkert Uhde (Berlin), Melanie Wald-Fuhrmann (MPIEA)

Further Researchers 

Christoph Seibert (Hochschule für Musik Karlsruhe / Institut für Musikinformatik und Musikwissenschaft), Jutta Toelle (Gustav Mahler Privatuniversität für Musik, Klagenfurt)


Kreuzer, M., Wald-Fuhrmann, M., Weining, C., Meier, D., O’Neill, K., Tschacher, W., et al. (2023). Digital concert experience: An online research project on live streaming during the Pandemic. In S. Lepa, R. Müller-Lindenberg, & H. Egermann (Eds.), Classical music and opera during and after the COVID-19 Pandemic: Empirical research on the digital transformation of socio-cultural institutions and aesthetic forms (pp. 95-112). Cham: Springer. doi:10.1007/978-3-031-42975-0_6.

Tschacher, W., Greenwood, S., Ramakrishnan, S., Tröndle, M., Wald-Fuhrmann, M., Seibert, C., Weining, C. &. Meier, D. (2023). Audience synchronies in live concerts illustrate the embodiment of music experience. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 14843. doi:10.1038/s41598-023-41960-2

Wald-Fuhrmann, M., O’Neill, K., Weining, C., Egermann, H., & Tröndle, M. (2023). The influence of formats and preferences on the aesthetic experience of classical music concert streams (Advance online publication). Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. doi:10.1037/aca0000560.

Czepiel, A., Fink, L., Seibert, C., Scharinger, M., & Kotz, S. A. (2023). Aesthetic and physiological effects of naturalistic multimodal music listening. Cognition,239: 105537. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2023.105537.

Czepiel, A. M. (2023). Assessing real-world music listening in concerts: Aesthetic experiences and peripheral physiological responses. [Doctoral Thesis, Maastricht University]. Maastricht University.

Merrill, J., Modestini, P., Wald-Fuhrmann, M. (2023). Live vs. Stream: Ein Konzert-Experiment der Kammerphilharmonie Frankfurt. Ergebnisbericht.

Czepiel, A., Fink, L. K., Fink, L. T., Wald-Fuhrmann, M., Tröndle, M., & Merrill, J. (2021). Synchrony in the periphery: inter-subject correlation of physiological responses during live music concerts. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1-16.

Tschacher, W., Greenwood, S., Egermann, H., Wald-Fuhrmann, M., Czepiel, A., Tröndle, M., & Meier, D. (2021). Physiological synchrony in audiences of live concerts (Advance online publication). Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. doi:10.1037/aca0000431.

Wald-Fuhrmann, M., Egermann, H., Czepiel, A., O’Neill, K., Weining, C., Meier, D, Tschacher, W., Uhde, F., Toelle, J. & Tröndle, M. (2021). Music Listening in Classical Concerts: Theory, Literature Review, and Research Program. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 638783.

Merrill, J., Czepiel, A., Fink, L. T., Toelle, J., & Wald-Fuhrmann, M. (2021). The Aesthetic Experience of Live Concerts: Self-Reports and Psychophysiology. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. Advance online publication.

Seibert, C., Toelle, J., & Wald-Fuhrmann, M. (2021). The Classical Concert as an Object of Empirical Aesthetics. In M. Tröndle (Ed.) Classical Concert Studies: A Companion to Contemporary Research and Performance (pp 351-360).  Routledge.

Seibert, C., Greb, F., & Tschacher, W. (2019). Nonverbale Synchronie und Musik-Erleben im klassischen Konzert. Jahrbuch Musikpsychologie. Musikpsychologie – Musik und Bewegung, 28: e18, pp. 53-85. doi:10.5964/jbdgm.2018v28.18

Seibert, Ch., Toelle J., & Wald-Fuhrmann, M. (2018). Live und interaktiv: ästhetisches Erleben im Konzert als Gegenstand empirischer Forschung. In: Martin Tröndle (Hrsg.): Das Konzert. Neue Aufführungskonzepte für eine klassische Form. Dritte, erweiterte Auflage.

Toelle, J. (2018). Applaus. In D. Morat, & H. Ziemer (Eds.), Handbuch Sound: Geschichte - Begriffe - Ansätze (pp. 178-182). Stuttgart: J.B. Metzler.

Experimental Concert Research

Digital Concert Experience