PD Dr. Wolff Schlotz


Providing advice on methodological issues, particularly in the following areas:

  • Study design
  • Data analysis
  • Psychometrics

Additional functions

  • Data protection coordinator
  • Ombudsperson

Research interests

  • Psychometrics
  • Ambulatory assessment methodology
  • Longitudinal data analysis
  • Personality and aesthetics
  • Daily life stress
  • Stress reactivity



Wolff Schlotz completed his psychology studies and doctoral degree at University of Trier (Germany). After a period as a postdoctoral researcher at the MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit in Southampton (UK) he was a Lecturer in Health Psychology at the University of Southampton and a Lecturer at the University of Regensburg (Germany). He started as a statistical and methodological consultant at the then newly founded Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics in 2013. Since 2014 he is a visiting lecturer at the Institute of Psychology at Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main.


Google Scholar


Selected publications

Menninghaus, W., Wagner, V., Kegel, V., Knoop, C. A., & Schlotz, W. (2019). Beauty, elegance, grace, and sexiness compared. Plos One, 14 (6), e0218728.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0218728

Schlotz, W. (2019). Investigating associations between momentary stress and cortisol in daily life: What have we learned so far? Psychoneuroendocrinology, 105, 105-116.  doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2018.11.038  Free access until 31 July 2019: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1ZDAC15hUdI~V2

Kappert, M. B., Wuttke-Linnemann, A., Schlotz, W., & Nater, U. M. (2019). The Aim Justifies the Means—Differences Among Musical and Nonmusical Means of Relaxation or Activation Induction in Daily Life. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13, 36.  doi:10.3389/fnhum.2019.00036

Greb, F., Steffens, J., & Schlotz, W. (2019). Modeling Music-Selection Behavior in Everyday Life: A Multilevel Statistical Learning Approach and Mediation Analysis of Experience Sampling Data. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 390. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00390

Fischinger, T., Kaufmann, M., & Schlotz, W. (2018). If it’s Mozart, it must be good? The influence of textual information and age on musical appreciation. Psychology of Music. Advance online publication.  doi:10.1177/0305735618812216

Thissen, B. A. K., Menninghaus, W., & Schlotz, W. (2018). Measuring Optimal Reading Experiences: The Reading Flow Short Scale. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 (2542).  doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02542

Greb, F., Steffens, J., & Schlotz, W. (2018). Understanding music-selection behavior via statistical learning: Using the percentile-Lasso to identify the most important factors. Music & Science, 1. doi:10.1177/2059204318755950

Greb, F., Schlotz, W., & Steffens, J. (2018). Personal and situational influences on the functions of music listening. Psychology of Music, 46 (6), 763–794.  doi:10.1177/0305735617724883

Powell, D. J., Liossi, C., Schlotz, W., & Moss-Morris, R. (2017). Tracking daily fatigue fluctuations in multiple sclerosis: ecological momentary assessment provides unique insights. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 40 (5), 772–783. doi:10.1007/s10865-017-9840-4

Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S., Kennedy, M., Kumsta, R., Knights, N., Golm, D., Rutter, M., Maughan, B., Schlotz, W., & Kreppner, J. (2017). Child-to-adult neurodevelopmental and mental health trajectories after early life deprivation: the young adult follow-up of the longitudinal English and Romanian Adoptees study. The Lancet, 389 (10078), 1539-1548.  doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30045-4

Menninghaus, W., Bohrn, I. C., Knoop, C. A., Kotz, S. A., Schlotz, W., & Jacobs, A. M. (2015). Rhetorical features facilitate prosodic processing while handicapping ease of semantic comprehension. Cognition, 143 (0), 48–60. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2015.05.026

Powell, D. J. H., Moss-Morris, R., Liossi, C., & Schlotz, W. (2015). Circadian cortisol and fatigue severity in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 56, 120–131. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.03.010

Schlotz, W., Godfrey, K. M., & Phillips, D. I. (2014). Prenatal Origins of Temperament: Fetal Growth, Brain Structure, and Inhibitory Control in Adolescence. PLoS ONE, 9 (5), e96715. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096715

Powell, D.J. & Schlotz, W. (2012). Daily life stress and the cortisol awakening response: Testing the anticipation hypothesis. PLoS ONE, 7 (12), e52067. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052067 

Schlotz, W. (2012). Ambulatory psychoneuroendocrinology: Assessing salivary cortisol and other hormones in daily life. In M.R. Mehl & T.S. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life (pp. 193–209). New York: Guilford.

Routledge, C., Arndt, J., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Hart, C.M., Juhl, J., Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M., & Schlotz, W. (2011). The Past Makes the Present Meaningful: Nostalgia as an Existential Resource. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101 (3), 638–652. doi:10.1037/a0024292

Schlotz, W., Hammerfald, K., Ehlert, U., & Gaab, J. (2011). Individual differences in the cortisol response to stress in young healthy men: Testing the roles of perceived stress reactivity and threat appraisal using multiphase latent growth curve modeling. Biological Psychology, 87 (2), 257–264. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.03.005

Schlotz, W., Yim, I.S., Zoccola, P.M., Jansen, L., & Schulz, P. (2011). The Perceived Stress Reactivity Scale: Measurement invariance, stability and validity in three countries. Psychological Assessment, 23 (1), 80–94. doi:10.1037/a0021148.