Dr. Elke B. Lange

Research Focus

My research in Cognition Psychology focuses on working memory and the interaction between attention and memory. For instance, in my dissertation project I investigated how irrelevant auditory or visual stimuli impair memory encoding by attentional distraction. As methods I particularly use classical behavioral experiments and eye tracking. I am especially interested to utilize the models and methods of research on working memory to get to know more on music perception, cognition and aesthetic experience. One focus is on musical absorption.


Academic Education

02/2005Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D. equivalent) in Psychology at the Technical University of Berlin, Germany
2000–2005Ph.D. student at the Technical University of Berlin
1996–2000Master of Arts (Magistra Artium, M.A. equivalent) in Systematic Musicology (major), Philosophy and Psychology (minor), at the Technical University of Berlin, Germany
1991–1996Piano Teacher (Diploma, M.A. equivalent) at the University of Music, Karlsruhe, Germany


Since 01/2014Senior Researcher in Experimental Aesthetics at the Max-Plank-Institute of Empirical Aesthetics, in the music unit of Prof. Melanie Wald-Fuhrmann, Frankfurt, Germany
2008–2013Research Associate and Lecturer in Experimental and Biological Psychology, University of Potsdam, Germany, in the unit of Prof. Ralf Engbert
2007–2008Postdoctoral Fellow in Experimental Aging Research at the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA, in the Cognitive Aging unit of Prof. Paul Verhaeghen
2007March to July: Research visit in Neuroscience at the Cognitive Brain Research Unit, University of Helsinki, Finland, in cooperation with Dr. Tom Campbell
2005–2007Postdoctoral Fellow in Experimental Aging Research at Syracuse University, NY, USA, in the Cognitive, Brain, & Behavior unit of Prof. Paul Verhaeghen
2000–2005Research Scientist in Cognitive Psychology at the University of Potsdam, Germany, in the Experimental Psychology unit of Prof. Klaus Oberauer und Prof. Reinhold Kliegl


Baltes, F., Chemnitz, L., & Lange, E.B. (2023). Pleasantness of nonlinear distortion in isolated triads of synthetic timbre. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 152(2), 1028-1040. https://doi.org/10.1121/10.0020667

Saxena, S., Fink, L.K., & Lange, E.B. (2023). Deep learning models for webcam eye tracking in online experiments. Behavior Research Methods. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-023-02190-6

Lange, E. B., & Fink, L.K. (2023). Eye blinking, musical processing, and subjective states—A methods account. Psychophysiology, e14350. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.14350

Fink, L., Simola, J., Tavano, A., Lange, E., Wallot, S., & Laeng, B. (2023). From pre-processing to advanced dynamic modeling of pupil data. Behavioral Research Methods.https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-023-02098-1

Lange, E. B. (2022). Vom Wesen der Musik (Kurt Singer; Stuttgart 1924). In: Wörner, F., Wald-Fuhrmann, M. (Vol.-Eds.). Grimm, H., Wald-Fuhrmann, M. & Wörner, F. (Series-Eds.). Lexikon Schriften über Musik: Vol. 2. Musikästhetik in Europa und Nordamerika / Music aesthetics in Europe and North America (Bd. 2, pp. 793–795 Kassel/Stuttgart: Bärenreiter/Metzler

Lange, E. B., Omigie, D., Trenado, C., Müller, V., Wald-Fuhrmann, M. & Merrill, J. (2022) In touch: Cardiac and respiratory patterns synchronize during ensemble singing with physical contact. Frontiers Human in Neuroscience 16:928563. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2022.928563

Saxena, S., Lange, E. B., & Fink, L. (2022). Towards efficient calibration for webcam eye-tracking in online experiments. In Proceedings ETRA 2022: ACM Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications (pp. 1-7). doi:10.1145/3517031.3529645.

Bago B., Kovacs, M., Protzlo, J., (…), Czoschke, S., (…), Lange, E.B., (…), & Aczel, B. (2022). Situational factors shape moral judgements in the trolley dilemma in Eastern, Southern and Western countries in a culturally diverse sample. Nature Human Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-022-01319-5

Lange, E.B., Fünderich, J. & Grimm, H. (2022) Multisensory integration of musical emotion perception in singing. Psychological Research (2022). doi.org: 10.1007/s00426-021-01637-9

Vroegh, T., Wiesmann, S. L., Henschke, S., & Lange, E. B. (2021). Manual motor reaction while being absorbed into popular music. Consciousness and Cognition, 89, 103088. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2021.103088

Lange, E. B., Thiele, D., & Kuijpers, M. M. (2020). Narrative aesthetic absorption in audiobooks is predicted by blink rate and acoustic features. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/aca0000321

Souza, A.S., Czoschke, S., Lange, E.B. (2020). Gaze-based and attention-based rehearsal in spatial working memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 46(5), 980-1003. doi: 10.1037/xlm0000771

Czoschke, S., Henschke, S., & Lange, E.B. (2019). On-item fixations during serial encoding do not affect spatial working memory. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 81, 2766-2787. doi: 0.3758/s13414-019-01786-5

Fink, L.K., Lange, E.B., & Groner, R. (2018). The application of eye-tracking in music research. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 11(2):1. doi: 10.16910/jemr.11.2.1

Lange, E.B., Pieczykolan, A., Trukenbrod, H.A., & Huestegge, L. (2018). The rhythm of cognition – Effects of an auditory beat on oculomotor control in reading and sequential scanning. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 11(2):9. DOI: 10.16910/jemr.11.2.9

Lange, E.B., & Frieler, K. (2018). Challenges and opportunities of predicting musical emotions with perceptual and automatized features. Music Perception, 36, 217-242. DOI: 10.1525/MP.2018.36.2.217

Frieler, K., & Lange, E.B. (2017). Chancen und Risiken des Computereinsatzes in der Musikpsychologie [Chances and risks for computer application in the psychology of music]. Jahrbuch der Dt. Gesellschaft für Musikpsychologie, 27, 187–191.
Lange, E.B., Zweck, F., & Sinn, P. (2017). Microsaccade-rate indicates absorption by music listening. Consciousness and Cognition, 55, 59–78. DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2017.07.009

Sysoeva, O.V., Lange, E.B., Sorokin, A.B., & Campbell, T. (2015). From pre-attentive processes to durable representation: An ERP index of visual distraction. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 95, 310-321. DOI 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2014.12.007

Lange, E.B., & Engbert, R. (2013). Differentiating between verbal and spatial encoding using eye-movement recordings. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 1840-1857. DOI 10.1080/17470218.2013.772214

Lange, E.B., Starzynski, C. , & Engbert, R. (2012). Capture the gaze does not capture the mind. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74, 1168-1182. DOI 10.3758/s13414-012-0318-8

Lange, E.B., Cerella, J., & Verhaeghen, P. (2011). Ease of access to list items in short-term memory depends on the order of the recognition probes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37, 608-620. DOI 10.1037/a0022220

Lange, E.B., Verhaeghen, P., & Cerella, J. (2010). Dual representation of item positions in verbal short-term memory: Evidence for two access modes. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 22, 463-479. DOI 10.1080/09541440903155658

Lange, E.B., & Verhaeghen, P. (2009). No Age differences in complex memory search: Older adults search as efficiently as younger adults. Psychology and Aging, 24, 105-115. DOI 10.1037/a0013751

Oberauer, K., & Lange, E.B. (2009). Activation and binding in verbal working memory: A dual-process model for the recognition of nonwords. Cognitive Psychology, 58, 102-136. DOI 10.1016/j.cogpsych.2008.05.003

Oberauer, K., & Lange, E.B. (2008). Interference in verbal working memory: Distinguishing similarity-based confusion, feature overwriting, and feature migration. Journal of Memory and Language, 58, 730-745. DOI 10.1016/j.jml.2007.09.006

Oberauer, K., & Lange, E.B. (2006). Psychologie des Gedächtnisses. In: Pawlik, K. (Ed.). Psychologie (pp.145-160). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Lange, E.B. (2005). Disruption of attention by irrelevant stimuli in serial recall. Journal of Memory and Language, 53, 513-531. DOI 10.1016/j.jml.2005.07.002

Lange, E.B. (2005). Gedächtnis. In: Helms, S., Schneider, R., Weber, R. (Ed.). Lexikon der Musikpädagogik (p.74). Kassel: Gustav Bosse Verlag.

Lange, E.B. (2005). Musikpsychologische Forschung im Kontext allgemeinpsychologischer Gedächtnismodelle. In: LaMotte-Haber, H. de, Rötter, G. (Ed.). Handbuch der Musikpsychologie (Systematische Musikwissenschaft, Bd.3, pp.74-100). Laaber: Laaber-Verlag.

Lange, E.B., & Oberauer, K. (2005). Overwriting of phonemic features in serial recall. Memory, 13, 333-339. DOI 10.1080/09658210344000378

Oberauer,K., Lange, E.B., & Engle, R.W. (2004). Working memory capacity and resistance to interference. Journal of Memory and Language, 51, 80-96. DOI 10.1016/j.jml.2004.03.003

Lange, E.B. (2002). Die Verarbeitung musikalischer Stimuli im Arbeitsgedächtnis. Jahrbuch Musikpsychologie, 16, 45-65.

Awards & Grants


  • Focused Information

    Information can be better perceived, processed, and maintained when it is selected from a broader field. This selection process, which we can also denote as focus, can unfold in various ways. In visual perception, the focus of the subject’s gaze ...

  • Aesthetic Absorption

    „…then the musical work of art draws us into itself and carries us along with it “ ...

  • Facial expressions in singing performance

    Particularly in the eighteenth century, the conviction that there was an essential relationship between musical contents and the facial expressions and gestures of performers, so that “a large part of music” lay in the art of gesture (Johann ...

  • Singing with Physical Contact: A Motiv of late Medieval Iconography of Singing and its Experiemental Re-Enactment

    Music and art historians specializing in the Late Medieval period and Renaissance are familiar with the typical pictorial representation of a vocal ensemble: the singers are assembled around a single lectern or manuscript, pressed tightly ...

  • Music and Eye-Tracking

    Tracking gaze, pupil, and blinking is important to understand attentional processes in the visual domain. For example, it has long been shown that visual-spatial attention is strongly coupled with gaze (but can be de-coupled in the case of covert ...