Prof. Sebastian Wallot PhD

Research Interests

  • Reading Research
  • Comprehension and Meaning
  • Timing and Time Perception
  • Joint Action
  • Complex Systems Theory
  • Nonlinear Dynamics


Academic Education

2008-2011 Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology, University of Cincinnati, USA
2003-2008Diploma in Psychology, University of Trier, Germany

Professional Experience

since 10/2020Professor Institute for Psychology,  Leuphana Universität, Lüneburg, Germany
02/2016-09/2020Senior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
10/2013-01/2016 Postdoc, Interacting Minds Centre, Aarhus University, Denmark
01/2012-09/2013 Senior Fellow, EU Marie-Curie TESIS Network, Aarhus University, Dänemark
03/2008-07/2008Visiting Scholar, CAP Center for Cognition, Action and Perception, University of Cincinnati, USA


Articles (in peer-reviewed journals)

Schlotz, W., Wallot, S., Omigie, D., Masucci, M. D., Hoelzmann, S. C., & Vessel, E. A. (2020). The Aesthetic Responsiveness Assessment (AReA): A screening tool to assess individual differences in responsiveness to art in English and German. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/aca0000348

Cocoa, M. I., Mønster, D., Leonardi, G., Rick, D., & Wallot, S. (2020). Unidimensional and Multidimensional Methods for Recurrence Quantification Analysis with crqa. arXiv. Retrieved from

Drews, H., Wallot, S., Brysch, P., Berger-Johannsen, H., Mitkidis, P., Baier, P., et al. (2020). Bed-Sharing in Couples Is Associated With Increased and Stabilized REM Sleep and Sleep-Stage Synchronization. Frontiers in Psychiatry,11: 583.  doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00583.

Wallot, S., Lee, J. T., & Kelty-Stephen, D. G. (2019). Switching between reading tasks leads to phase-transitions in reading times in L1 and L2 readers. Plos One, 14 (2), e0211502.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0211502

Wallot, S., & Leonardi, G. (2018). Analyzing Multivariate Dynamics Using Cross-Recurrence Quantification Analysis (CRQA), Diagonal-Cross-Recurrence Profiles (DCRP), and Multidimensional Recurrence Quantification Analysis (MdRQA) – A Tutorial in R. Frontiers in Psychology, 9:2232.  doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02232

Wallot, S. (2018). Multidimensional Cross-Recurrence Quantification Analysis (MdCRQA) – A Method for Quantifying Correlation between Multivariate Time-Series. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 1–19.  doi:10.1080/00273171.2018.1512846

Wallot, S., & Mønster, D. (2018). Calculation of average mutual information (AMI) and false-nearest neighbors (FNN) for the estimation of embedding parameters of multidimensional time series in Matlab. Frontiers in Psychology, 9: 1679. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01679

Wallot, S., & Leonardi, G. (2018). Deriving inferential statistics from recurrence plots: A recurrence-based test of differences between sample distributions and its comparison to the two-sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science, 28 (8), 085712. doi:10.1063/1.5024915

Wallot, S., & Menninghaus, W. (2018). Ambiguity effects of rhyme and meter. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition,44 (12), 1947–1954.   doi:10.1037/xlm0000557

Wallot, S., & Kelty-Stephen, D. G. (2018). Interaction-dominant causation in mind and brain, and its implication for questions of generalization and replication. Minds and Machines, 28 (2), 353–374. doi:10.1007/s11023-017-9455-0

Roeske, T. C., Kelty-Stephen, D., & Wallot, S. (2018). Multifractal analysis reveals music-like dynamic structure in songbird rhythms. Scientific Reports, 8 (1), 4570. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-22933-2

Booth, C. R., Brown, H. L., Eason, E. G., Wallot, S., & Kelty-Stephen, D. G. (2018). Expectations on hierarchical scales of discourse: Multifractality predicts both short- and long-range effects of violating gender expectations in text reading. Discourse Processes, 55 (1), 12–30.  doi:10.1080/0163853X.2016.1197811

Abney, D. H., Warlaumont, A. S., Oller, D. K., Wallot, S., & Kello, C. T. (2017). Multiple coordination patterns in infant and adult vocalizations. Infancy, 22 (4), 514–539.  doi:10.1111/infa.12165

Kelty-Stephen, D., & Wallot, S. (2017). Multifractality versus (mono)fractality in the narrative about nonlinear interactions across time scales: Disentangling the belief in nonlinearity from the diagnosis of nonlinearity. Eclological Psychology, 29, 259–299.

Wallot, S. (2017). Recurrence quantification analysis of processes and products of discourse: A tutorial in R. Discourse Processes, 54 (5-6), 382–405.doi:10.1080/0163853X.2017.1297921

Drews, H. J., Wallot, S., Weinhold, S. L., Mitkidis, P., Baier, P. C., Roepstorff, A., & Goeder, R. (2017). "Are we in sync with each other?" Exploring the effects of cosleeping on heterosexual couples' sleep using simultaneous polysomnography: A pilot study. Sleep Disorders, 2017, 5.  doi:10.1155/2017/8140672

Mitkidis, P., Ayal, S., Shalvi, S., Heimann, K., Levy, G., Kyselo, M., Wallot, S., Ariely, D., & Roepstorff, A. (2017). The effects of extreme rituals on moral behavior: The performers-observers gap hypothesis. Journal of Economic Psychology, 59, 1–7.  doi:10.1016/j.joep.2016.12.007

Lyby, M., Mehlsen, M. Y., Wallot, A., & Wallot, S. (2016). Perspektiver inden for teknologisk-assisteret indsamling af data i psykologisk forandring - rammesat af den synergetiske psykologi [Möglichkeiten der technologiegestützten Datenerfassung psychischer Veränderungsprozesse – Methoden der synergetischen Psychologie]. Psyke & Logos, 37, 144–170.

Wallot, S., Mitkidis, P., McGraw, J. J., & Roepstorff, A. (2016). Beyond synchrony: Joint action in a complex production task reveals beneficial effects of decreased interpersonal synchrony. Plos One, 11(12), e0168306.  doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0168306

Lang, M., Shaw, D. J., Reddish, P., Wallot, S., Mitkidis, P., & Xzgalatas, D. (2016). Lost in the rhythm: The effects of rhythm on subsequent interpersonal co-ordination. Cognitive Science, 40, 1797–1815.  doi:10.1111/cogs.12302

Wallot, S., Roepstorff, A., & Mønster, D. (2016). Multidimensional Recurrence Quantification Analysis (MdRQA) for the analysis of multidimensional time-series: A software implementation in MATLAB and its application to group-level data in joint action. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:1835,  doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01835

O'Brien, B. A., & Wallot, S. (2016). Silent Reading Fluency and Comprehension in Bilingual Children. Frontiers in Psychology, 7:1265. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01265

Xygalatas, D., Kundtová Klocová, W., Cigán, J., Kundt, R., Maňo, P., Kotherová, S., Wallot, S., Mitkidis, P. & Kanovsky, M. (2016) Location, location, location: Effects of cross-religious primes on prosocial behavior. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 4, 304–319.  doi:10.1080/10508619.2015.1097287

Teng, D. W., Wallot, S., & Kelty-Stephen, D. G. (2016). Single-word recognition need not depend on single-word features: Narrative coherence counteracts effects of single-word features that lexical decision emphasizes. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 45(6), 1451–1472. doi:10.1007/s10936-016-9416-4

Wallot, S. (2016). Understanding reading as a form of language-use: A language game hypothesis. New Ideas in Psychology, 42, 21–28. doi:10.1016/j.newideapsych.2015.07.006

Mønster, D., Håkonsson, D. D., Eskildsen, J. K., & Wallot, S. (2016). Physiological evidence of interpersonal dynamics in a cooperative production task. Physiology & Behavior, 156, 24–34.  doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2016.01.004

Mitkidis, P., McGraw, J. J., Roepstorff, A., & Wallot, S. (2015). Building trust: Heart rate synchrony and arousal during joint action increased by public goods game. Physiology & Behavior, 149, 101–106. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2015.05.033

Wallot, S. (2015). Intentions and synergies: The cases of control and speed. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 22, 80–83.

Wallot, S., Coey, C. A., & Richardson, M. J. (2015). Cue predictability changes scaling in eye-movement fluctuations. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77(7), 2169–2180.  doi:10.3758/s13414-015-0983-5

Wallot, S., Coey, C. A., & Richardson, M. J. (2015). Interdependence of saccadic and fixational fluctuations. Ecological Psychology, 27, 68–86. doi:10.1080/10407413.2015.991666

Abney, D. H., Warlaumont, A. S., Haussman, A., Ross, J. M., & Wallot, S. (2014). Using nonlinear methods to quantify changes in infant limb movements and vocalizations. Frontiers in Psychology, 5:771.  doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00771

Kiefer, A. W., Wallot, S., Gresham, L. J., Kloos, H., Riley, M. A., Shockley, K., & Van Orden, G. (2014). Development of coordination in time estimation. Developmental Psychology, 50, 393–401. doi:10.1037/a0033629

McGraw, J. J., Wallot, S., Mitkidis, P., & Roepstorff, A. (2014). Culture’s building blocks: investigating cultural evolution in a LEGO construction task. Frontiers in Psychology, 5:1017.  doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01017

O’Brien, B. A., Wallot, S., Haussmann, A., & Kloos, H. (2014). Using complexity metrics to assess silent reading fluency: A cross-sectional study comparing oral and silent reading. Scientific Studies of Reading, 18, 235–254. doi:10.1080/10888438.2013.862248

O’Brien, B. A., & Wallot, S. (2014). Dynamical structure of silent reading fluency in bilingual students (pp. 175-179). Proceedings of the XVIth European Conference on Developmental Psychology. Bologna: Medimondo.

Steenberg, M., Bräuner, P., & Wallot, S. (2014). Text technology: Building subjective and shared experience in reading. Journal of Cognition and Culture, 14, 357–372. doi:10.1163/15685373-12342131

Wallot, S. (2014). From “cracking the orthographic code” to “playing with language”: toward a usage-based foundation of the reading process. Frontiers in Psychology, 5:891.  doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00891

Wallot, S., & Kelty-Stephen, D. (2014). Constraints are the solution, not the problem. [Commentary on Reichle and Reingold (2013): Neurophysiological constraints on the eye-mind link]. Frontiers in Neuroscience. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2014.00324

Wallot, S., O’Brien, B. A., Haussmann, A., Kloos, A., & Lyby, M. S. (2014). The role of reading time complexity and reading speed in text comprehension. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 40, 1745–1765. doi:10.1037/xlm0000030

Reddy, V., Markova, G., & Wallot, S. (2013). Anticipatory adjustments to being picked up in infancy. Plos One, 8, e65289. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065289

Wallot, S., Fusaroli, R., Tylén, K., & Jegindø, E.-M. (2013). Using complexity metrics with RR intervals and BPM heart rate measures. Frontiers in Physiology. doi:10.3389/fphys.2013.00211

Wallot, S., & Grabowski, J. (2013). Typewriting dynamics: What distinguishes simple from complex writing tasks? Ecological Psychology, 25, 267–280. doi:10.1080/10407413.2013.810512

Wallot, S., Hollis, G., & van Rooij, M. (2013). Connected text reading and differences in text reading fluency in adult readers. Plos One. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0071914

Coey, C. A., Wallot, S., Richardson, M. J., & Van Orden, G. (2012). On the structure of measurement noise in eye-movements. Journal of Eye-Movement Research, 5, 1–10.

Riley, M. A., Bonnette, S., Kuznetsov, N., Wallot, S., & Gao, J. (2012). A tutorial introduction to adaptive fractal analysis. Frontiers in Physiology.doi:10.3389/fphys.2012.00371

Riley, M. A., Mitra, S., Saunders, N., Kiefer, A. W., & Wallot, S. (2012). The interplay between posture control and memory for spatial locations. Experimental Brain Research217, 43–52. doi:10.1007/s00221-011-2970-y

Van Orden, G., Hollis, G., & Wallot, S. (2012). The blue collar brain. Frontiers In Physiology, 3:207. doi:10.3389/fphys.2012.00207

Wallot, S., & Van Orden, G. (2012). Ultrafast cognition. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 19, 141–160.

Kuznetsov, N., & Wallot, S. (2011). Effects of accuracy feedback on fractal characteristics of time estimation. Frontiers in Neuroscience.doi:10.3389/fnint.2011.00062

Wallot, S., & Van Orden, G. (2011). Grounding language in the anticipatory dynamics of the body. Ecological Psychology, 23, 157-184. doi:0.1080/10407413.2011.5912

Wallot, S., & Van Orden, G. (2011). Toward a life-span metric of reading fluency. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 21, 1173–1192.

Wallot, S., & Van Orden, G. (2011). Nonlinear analyses of self-paced reading. The Mental Lexicon, 6, 245–274.

Further Articles and Book Chapters

Lyby, M. S., Wallot, S., & Mehlsen, M. Y. (2020). Measures of microgenetic changes in emotion regulation strategies across life transitions. In K. Viol, H. Schöller, & W. Aichhorn (Eds.), Selbstorganisation – ein Paradigma für die Humanwissenschaften: Zu Ehren von Günter Schiepek und seiner Forschung zu Komplexität und Dynamik in der Psychologie (pp. 287-302). Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Håkonsson, D. D., Mitkidis, P., & Wallot, S. (2020). Team Emotions and Team Learning. In L. Argote & J. M. Levine (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Group and Organizational Learning (pp. 453-474). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Wallot, S., & Grabowski, J. (2019). A tutorial introduction to Recurrence Quantification Analysis (RQA) for key-logging data. In E. Lindgren & K. Sullivan (Eds.), Observing Writing - Insights from Keystroke Logging and Handwriting (pp. 163-189). Leiden: Brill.  doi:10.1163/9789004392526_009

Wallot, S., Lyby, M., & van Rooij, M. M. J. W. (2015). Recurrence quantification analysis
as a general-purpose tool for bridging the gap between qualitative and quantitative analysis. In Flavian, H. & Huber, G. L. (Eds.), Qualitative Psychology Nexus Vol. 13: New Perspectives on Qualitative Research (pp. 6587).

Wallot, S., O’Brien, B., Coey, C. A., & Kelty-Stephen, D. (2015). Power-law fluctuations in eye movements predict text comprehen- sion during connected text reading. In D. C. Noelle, R. Dale, A. S. Warlaumont, J. Yoshimi, T. Matlock, C. D. Jennings, & P. P. Maglio (Eds.), Proceedings of the 37th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 2583–2588). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Fusaroli, R., Konvalinka, I., & Wallot, S. (2014). Analyzing social interactions: The promises and challenges of using cross recurrence quantification analysis (pp. 137-155). In N. Marwan, M. Riley, A. Giuliani, and C. L. Webber, Jr., Translational Recurrence. Springer Proceedings in Mathematics (103). London: Springer.

Wallot, S., O’Brien, B. A. & Van Orden, G. (2012). A tutorial introduction to fractal and recurrence analyses of reading (pp. 395–430). In G. Liben, G. Jarema, and C.  Westbury, Methodological and analytical frontiers in lexical research. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Gresham, L. J., Kloos, H., Wallot, S., & Van Orden, G. (2011). A developmental trend in the structure of time-estimation performance (pp. 3547–3551). Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society.

Konvalinka, I., Xygalatas, D., Bulbulia, J., Schjødt, U., Jegindø, E. M., Wallot, S., Van Orden, G., & Roepstorff, A. (2011). Synchronized arousal between performers and related spectators in a fire-walking ritual. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 108, 8514–8519. doi:10.1073/pnas.1016955108

Van Orden, G., Kloos, H., & Wallot, S. (2011). Living in the pink: Intentionality, wellbeing, and complexity (pp. 629–672). In C. A. Hooker (Ed.), Philosophy of Complex Systems. Handbook of the Philosophy of Science. Amsterdam: Elsevier.



Schiepek, G., Eckert, H., Kravanja, B., Wallot, S., & Wallot, A. (2015). Integrative Psychotherapy - A Feedback-Driven Dynamic Systems Approach. Heidelberg: Hogrefe.

Awards and Grants

2008-2011    University Graduate Scholarship (UGS), University of Cincinnati
2009-2010GSGA Research and Travel Award, University of Cincinnati    

External Funding

2020-2026„Quantifizierung nichtlinearer Dynamiken in psychologischen Daten“, Heisenbergprogramm der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (WA 3538/5-1), PI
2020-2024"Die Rolle (nicht-)synchroner Koordination und ihre Quantifizierung in der kollektiven Handlungssteuerung“, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (WA 3538/6-1), PI
2018-2021“Leseprozessregularität”, Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, ((WA 3538/6-1), PI
2016-2020“Development of emotion regulation during life transitions”, Danish Council for Independent Research, CO-PI (PI: Prof. Mimi Young Mehlsen, Aarhus University)

“Expressive writing in cancer patients?”, IMC Seed Funding, PI

2014-2015“Be quick and be dead? Acting and reacting in a high-noon-style shootout situation.”, IMC Seed Funding, PI
2013-2014“Dynamics of Reading Disorders”, IMC Seed Funding, PI
2013-2014“Measuring Social Interaction”, IMC Seed Funding, Collaborator (PI: Prof. Dimitris Xygalatas, Aarhus University)