Abteilung Neurowissenschaften
Abteilung Neurowissenschaften

Abteilung Neurowissenschaften


Abteilung Neurowissenschaften

Die Abteilung Neurowissenschaften arbeitet an neurobiologischen Grundlagen von Sprache und Musik einschließlich der ästhetischen Dimensionen.
Die Hauptforschungsmethoden umfassen elektrophysiologische Ableitungen mit Hilfe der Magnetoenzephalographie (MEG), Elektroenzephalographie (EEG) und der Elektrokortikographie (ECoG) sowie Imaging-Studien unter Verwendung von struktureller und funktioneller Magnetresonanztomographie (MRT). Die neurowissenschaftlichen Studien umfassen ein breites Spektrum von verhaltenswissenschaftlichen sowie psychophysischen Studien. Der Ansatz ist dabei der eines "methodischen Pluralismus", d.h. es wird die Methode angewandt, die am besten geeignet ist eine bestimmte Forschungsfrage zu adressieren. Die Forschungsfragen werden von Themen aus der Neurobiologie, der Psychologie und der Psycholinguistik bestimmt.  mehr...

NEWS + EVENTS

"Das Gute, das Schlechte und das Hässliche an der Schönheit" – darüber sprach Anjan Chatterjee in der ersten Fechner Lecture am Max-Planck-Institut für empirische Ästhetik. Professor Anjan Chatterjee (University of Pennsylvania) gilt als einer der renommiertesten internationalen Wissenschaftler auf dem Gebiet der Neuroästhetik. Prof. Dr. David Poeppel, geschäftsführender Direktor des Instituts, begrüßte mehr als 100 Zuhörer im ArtLab Foyer.

YOUTUBE

Auditory neuroscience has provided strong evidence that neural oscillations synchronize to the rhythms of speech. Higher up in the hierarchy, cycles of cortical excitation and inhibition would also reflect syntactic parsing and the processing of sentence-level semantics. This international symposium joined leading researchers from the speech and language fields with eminent systems neuroscientists from the field of neural oscillations. For more Information please visit ae.mpg.de/NO17

Our Research Areas

What neuronal and cognitive representations and computations form the basis for the transformation from “vibrations in the ear” (sounds) to “abstractions in the head” (words)? Successful communication using spoken language requires a speech processing system that can negotiate between the demands of auditory perception and motor outputs, on the one hand, and the representational and computational requirements of the language system, on the other.

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The perception of dynamically changing signals, the very basis of listening to language or music, or seeing naturalistic visual scenes, requires an analysis of the temporal information that forms (part of) the basis of such signals. What are the temporal primitives that underlie their perceptual analysis? How is incoming information temporally “sampled”? What type of temporal information is necessary to experience, say, rhythm, or syllable duration, or temporal intervals, or change in a sequence?

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This research area takes a neurobiological view of "the aesthetic granularity problem.” What are the "atoms of aesthetic experience," as viewed from human neuroscience? Experiencing a single musical note or one word is arguably too small a unit of analysis; experiencing an entire symphony or whole novel is arguably too big. What constitutes an "aesthetic primitive," from a brain’s-eye-view?

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Neuronal oscillations are believed to play a role in various perceptual and cognitive tasks, including attention, navigation, memory, motor planning, and - most relevant in the context of the present work - spoken-language comprehension. The specific computational functions of neuronal oscillations are uncertain. We aim to elucidate how these ubiquitous neurophysiological attributes may underpin speech, language, and music processing.

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Many recent theories of perception and cognition suggest that the brain uses internal models of the world to predict forthcoming events. There exists compelling evidence from a wide range of studies that prediction occurs during language comprehension and listening to music, as well. A successful system of this type needs to predict the content of future events (‘what’) but also event timing (‘when’).

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Direktor

Photo of David  Poeppel PhD

Prof. David Poeppel PhD

Neurowissenschaften

Geschäftsführender Direktor

+49 69 8300479-301

E-Mail

Webseite

Assistentinnen

Photo of Anja  Tydecks

Anja Tydecks

Neurowissenschaften

Assistentin der Direktion

+49 69 8300479-302

E-Mail

Photo of Cordula  Ullah

Cordula Ullah

Neurowissenschaften

Assistentin der Direktion

+49 69 8300479-301

E-Mail

Neue Publikationen

Teng, Tian, Doelling & Poeppel, Theta band oscillations reflect more than entrainment: behavioral and neural evidence demonstrate an active chunking process, European Journal of Neuroscience

Belfi, A.M., Vessel, E.A., Starr, G.G. Individual Ratings of Vividness Predict Aesthetic Appeal in Poetry. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. Advance online publication