Dr. Alessandro Tavano

Hauptforschungsgebiete

I am interested in how time shapes perception and cognition.

For perception, I study how temporal noise and temporal expectations co-determine the encoding of stimulus sequences, in interaction with feature-based predictions.

For cognition, I exploit the temporal dimension of speech (amplitude modulation) to try and capture a signature of online access to abstract syntactic categories.

In my experiments, I rely on MEG/EEG, peripheral physiology (ECG, respiration), eyetracking and behavioral data collection. I have an extensive clinical experience, especially on the fuction of subcortical and subtentorial structures in cognition and language perception. One of my current goals is to bridge clinical and neurophysiological investigations.

Recently, I delved into the experience of complex naturalistic stimuli, such as watching a movie, asking how people’s neural states synch with each other, creating an audience that participate in a similar perceptual and aesthetic adventure.

 

 

Vita

Ausbildung

2014Habilitation in Italien als Associate Professor der Psychobiologie
2010Master der Psychologie, Universität Triest
2009Bachelor der Psychobiologie, Universität Triest
2008-2009EEG Training, Universität Barcelona
2003PhD in Philosophie, Universität Triest
1999-2000Forschungsaufenthalte als Gast-PhD-Kandidat (UCL, London und McGill Universität, Montreal)
1998-1999Auslandsstudium, individuelles Forschungsstipendium, Antwerpen
1997-1998Training für Jugendleiter, Europäisches Jugendcenter, Straßburg
1997Master of Arts in Sprachwissenschaften und Literatur, Universität Triest
1994-19951-jähriger Auslandsaufenthalt, Erasmus Programm, Reading Universität

Werdegang

Seit 2018

Dozent Differentialpsychologie, Goethe Universität

2018-2019

Dozent Experimentelle Psychologie, Goethe Universität

Seit 2014Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Max-Planck-Institut für empirische Ästhetik, Frankfurt/Main
2013-2014

Dozent Biologische Psychologie und Kognitive Prozesse II, Universität Leipzig

2009-2014Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter in der Abteilung Kognitive und Biologische Psychologie, Universität Leipzig
2009

Dozent Neurolinguistik, Universität von Nova Gorica

2008-2009

Dozent Kommunikationspsychologie, Universität Mailand-Bicocca

2006-2008

Außerordentlicher Professor, Semiotik, Pragmatik und Sprachphilosophie, Universität von Triest

2003-2009Hauptuntersuchungsleiter und Forschungsmitarbeiter, Forschungsinstitut “E. Medea”, San Vito al Tagliamento, Italien
2002-2004Dozent Neuropsychologie der Sprache und Klinische Lingusitik, Universität Udine
2002Forschungsassistent, Forschungsinstitut “E. Medea”, San Vito al Tagliamento, Italien

Publikationen

Publikationen

Sierra, F., Poeppel, D., Tavano, A. (2020). One second is not a special time. Under review.

Tavano, A., Blohm, S., Knoop, C.A., Muralikrishnan, R, Scharinger, M., Wagner, V., Thiele, D., Ghitza, O., Ding, N., Menninghaus, W., Poeppel, P. (2020). Neural harmonics reflect grammaticality. Submitted. https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.04.08.031575v1

Tavano, A., Schroger. E., Kotz, S.A. (2019). Beta power encodes contextual estimates of temporal event probability in the human brain. PLoS ONE 14(9): e0222420. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222420

Tavano, A., Poeppel, D. (2019). A division of labor between power and phase coherence in encoding attention to stimulus streams. NeuroImage 193; 146–156 doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.03.018.

Caletti, E., Delvecchio, G., Andrella, A., Finos, L., Perlini, C., Tavano, A. et al. (2018). Prosody abilities in a large sample of affective and non-affective first episode psychosis patients. Comprehensive psychiatry, 86, 31-38.

Scharinger, M., Steinberg, J., Tavano, A. (2017) Integrating speech in time depends on temporal expectations and attention. Cortex. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2017.05.001.

Lorusso, M.L., Burigo, M., Tavano, A. et al. (2017). Learning and Using Abstract Words: Evidence from Clinical Populations. BioMed research international. doi.org/10.1155/2017/8627569

Kokinous, J.,  Tavano, A., Kotz, S. A., & Schröger, E. (2017).  Perceptual Integration of Faces and Voices Depends on the Interaction of Emotional Content and Spatial Frequency.  Biological Psychology, 123, 155-165.

Tavano, A. & Scharinger, M. (2015). Prediction in speech and language processing. Cortex, 68(0), 1-7. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2015.05.001.

Kokinous, J., Kotz, S. A., Tavano, A., & Schröger, E. (2014) The role of emotion in dynamic audiovisual integration of faces and voices. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, DOI: 10.1093/scan/nsu105.

Tavano, A., Pesarin, A., Drioli, C., Perina, A., Murino, V., & Cristani, M. (2014). Automatic conversational scene analysis. Low-level acoustic feature classification of speech activity in children with Asperger syndrome and typically developing peers. PLoS One, 9(1): e85819.

Tavano, A., Widmann, A., Bendixen, A., Trujillo-Barreto, N. J., & Schröger, E. (2014). Temporal regularity facilitates higher-order sensory predictions in fast auditory sequences. European Journal of Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1111/ejn.12404.

Tavano, A., Galbiati, S., Recla, M., Bardoni, A., & Strazzer, S. (2014). Cognitive recovery after Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in children and adults: similar outcome but different underlying pathways? Brain Injury, 28(7), 900-905.

Recla, M., Bardoni, A., Galbiati, S., Pastore, V., Dominici, C., Tavano, A., Locatelli, F., & Strazzer, S. (2013). Cognitive and adaptive functioning after severe TBI in school-aged children. Brain Injury, 27(7-8), 862-871.

Gagliardi, C., Tavano, A., Turconi, A. C., & Borgatti, R. (2013). Sequence memory skills in Spastic Bilateral Cerebral Palsy are age independent as in normally developing children. Disability and Rehabilitation, 35(6), 506-512.

Tavano, A., Grimm, S., Costa-Faidella, J., Slabu, L., Schröger, E., & Escera, C. (2012). Spectrotemporal processing drives fast access to memory traces for spoken words. Neuroimage, 60(4), 2300-2308.

Schwartze, M., Tavano, A. (shared first authorship), Schröger, E., & Kotz, S. (2011). Temporal aspects of prediction in audition: Cortical and subcortical neural mechanisms. International Journal of Psychophysiology (Special Issue on Prediction), 83(2), 200-207.

Cristani, M., Pesarin, A., Drioli, C., Tavano, A., Perina, A., & Murino, V. (2011). Generative modeling and classification of dialogs by a low-level turn-taking feature. Pattern Recognition, 44(8), 1785-1800.

Gagliardi, C., Tavano, A., Turconi, A. C., Pozzoli, U., & Borgatti, R. (2011). Sequence learning in cerebral palsy. Pediatric Neurology, 44(3), 207-213.

Gagliardi, C., Martelli, S., Tavano, A., & Borgatti, R. (2011). Behavioural features of Italian infants and young adults with Williams-Beuren syndrome. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55(2), 121-131.

Tavano, A., Busan, P., Borelli, M., & Pelamatti, G. (2011). Risperidone reduces tic-like motor behaviors and linguistic dysfluencies in severe persistent developmental stuttering. Journal of Clinical Psycho-pharmacology, 31(1), 131-134.

Zanini, S., Angeli, V., & Tavano, A. (2011). Primary progressive aphasia in a bilingual speaker: a single-case study. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 25(6-7), 553-564.

Marchione, D., Tavano, A., & Devescovi, A. (2011). Prosodia e complessità linguistica nella sindrome di Williams: uno studio esplorativo sugli aspetti adattativi. Psicologia Clinical dello Sviluppo, 15, 155-174.

Tavano, A., Gagliardi, C., Martelli, S., & Borgatti, R. (2010). Neurological soft signs feature a double dissociation within the language system in Williams syndrome. Neuropsychologia, 48(11), 3298-3304.

Zanini, S., Tavano, A., & Fabbro, F. (2010). Spontaneous language production in bilingual Parkinson's disease patients: Evidence of greater phonological, morphological and syntactic impairments in native language. Brain and Language, 113(2), 84-89.

Tavano, A., & Borgatti, R. (2010). Evidence for a link among cognition, language and emotion in cerebellar malformations. Cortex, 46(7), 907-918.

Kalyva, E., Pellizzoni, S., Tavano, A., Iannello, P, & Siegal, M. (2010). Contamination sensitivity in autism, Down syndrome, and typical development. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 4, 43-50.

Tavano, A., Galbiati, S., Recla, M., Formica, F., Giordano, F., Genitori, L., & Strazzer, S. (2009). Language and cognition in a bilingual child after traumatic brain injury in infancy: long-term plasticity and vulnerability. Brain Injury, 23(2), 167-171.

Farenzena, M., Tavano, A., Bazzani, L., Tosato, D., Paggetti, G., Menegaz, G., Murino, V., Cristani, M. (2009). Social Interactions by Visual Focus of Attention in a Three-Dimensional Environment. In Proceedings of the Workshop on Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence for Human Behaviour Analysis (PRAI*HBA), Reggio Emilia, Italy.

Cristani, M., Pesarin, A., Drioli, C., Tavano, A., Perina, A., & Murino, V., (2009). Auditory dialog analysis and understanding by generative modelling of interactional dynamics. In Second IEEE Workshop on CVPR for Human Communicative Behavior Analysis (pp 103-109), Miami, Florida (USA). DOI: 10.1109/CVPRW.2009.5204265.

Marini, A., Tavano, A., & Fabbro, F. (2008). Assessment of linguistic abilities in Italian children with specific language impairment. Neuropsychologia, 46(11), 2816-2823.

Busan, P., Fabbro, F., Grassi, M., Tavano, A., & Pelamatti, G. Effetto del trattamento farmacologico nella balbuzie evolutiva: studio comportamentale di un caso singolo. (2008). Giornale Italiano di Psicologia, 1, 193-216.

Pesarin, A., Cristani, M., Murino, V., Drioli, C., Perina, A., & Tavano, A. (2008). A statistical signature for automatic dialogue classification. In Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR), Tampa, Florida (USA), 978-1-4244-2175-6/08, www.icpr2008.org.

Tavano, A., Sponda, S., Fabbro, F., Perlini, C., Rambaldelli, G., Ferro, A., Cerruti, S., Tansella, M., & Brambilla, P. (2008). Specific linguistic and pragmatic deficits in Italian patients with schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 102(1-3), 53-62.

Tavano, A. (2007). Implicit Meaning Comprehension: An Introduction. Lingue e Linguaggio, 6(1), 3-8.

Tavano, A. (2007). Preschool Children’s Comprehension of Quantity Implicatures. Lingue e Linguaggio, 6(1), 45-64.

Bearzotti, F., Tavano, A., & Fabbro, F. Development of orofacial praxis of children from 4 to 8 years of age. (2007). Perceptual and Motor Skills, 104(3), 1355-1366.

Tavano, A., Grasso, R., Gagliardi, C., Triulzi, F., Bresolin, N., Fabbro, & F., Borgatti, R. (2007). Disorders of cognitive and affective development in cerebellar malformations. Brain, 130(10), 2646-2660.

Tavano, A., Fabbro, F., & Borgatti, R. (2007). Language and social communication in children with cerebellar dysgenesis. Folia Phoniatrica and Logopedica, 59(4), 201-209.

Tavano, A., De Fabritiis, P., & Fabbro, F. (2005). Contributo alla valutazione standardizzata dell’eloquio narrativo nei bambini. Giornale di neuropsichiatria dell’età evolutiva, 25, 48-64.

Zanini, S., Tavano, A., Vorano, L., Schiavo, F., Gigli, G. L., Aglioti, S. M., & Fabbro, F. (2004). Greater syntactic impairments in native language in bilingual Parkinsonian patients. Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 75(12), 1678-1681.

Fabbro, F., Tavano, A., Corti, S., Bresolin, N., De Fabritiis, P., Borgatti, R. (2004). Long-term neuropsychological deficits after cerebellar infarctions in two young adult twins. Neuropsychologia, 42(4), 536-545.

Bearzotti, F., Tavano, A., Pecile, P., Skrap, M., Fabbro, F. (2004). Neuropsychological and language disorders in children and adolescents with brain tumor. Saggi Child Development & Disabilities, 30(1), 69-84.

Fabbro, F., Vorano, L., Fabbro, S., & Tavano, A. (2003). Language disorders following lesions to the thalamus and basal ganglia. Europa Medicophysica, 38(4): 15-29.

Burelli, A., Tavano, A. & Fabbro, F. (2003). Clinical Neurolinguistics of Bilingualism. Logos and Language, 1: 35-44.

Bigoni, A., Piccolo, B., Tavano, A., Csillaghy, A.L., & Fabbro, F. (2003). Sviluppo del linguaggio in bambini sordi trattati con il metodo orale. Saggi Child Development & Disabilities, 29(1), 25-40.

Filiputti, D., Tavano, A., Vorano, L., De Luca, G., Fabbro, F. (2002) Neurolinguistic follow-up of a quadrilingual aphasic patient. International Journal of Bilingualism, 6(4), 395-410.

Fabbro, F., Libera, L., Tavano, A. (2002). A callosal transfer deficit in children with developmental language disorder. Neuropsychologia, 40(9), 1541-1546.

Buchkapitel

Tavano, A., Borgatti, R. (2010). The role of cerebellar structures in communication and language disorders. In D. Riva & J Njiokiktjien (Eds.), Brain lesion localization and developmental functions (pp. 145-156), London/Paris: John Libbey Eurotext.

Tavano, A., Borgatti, R., & Fabbro, F. (2008). Speaking without the cerebellum: Language skills in a young adult with near total absence of the cerebellum. In A. Schalley & D. Khlentzos (Eds.), Mental states, Volume I: Evolution, Function, Nature (pp. 171-190), Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Tavano A., Burelli A., & Fabbro, F. (2004). I disturbi del linguaggio acquisiti ed evolutivi nei bilingui. In R. Albarea, & P.G. Rossi (Eds.), Percorsi in Formazione (pp. 75-83). Udine: Forum Editrice Universitaria.

Borgatti, R., Tavano, A., Cristofori, G., & Fabbro, F. (2004). Language Development in Children with Cerebellar Malformations. In F. Fabbro (Ed.), Neurogenic Language Disorders in Children (pp. 127-148). Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Fabbro, F., Tavano, A., Cristofori, G., & Borgatti, R. (2004). Language disorders after very early brain lesion associated with paroxysmal abnormalities during NREM sleep. In F. Fabbro (Ed.), Neurogenic Language Disorders in Children (pp. 83-98), Amsterdam: Elsevier.

 

Projekte

  • Sensory Sharpening Effects of Attention and Expectation

    Attention to sensory stimuli is never uniformly distributed.  We tested whether time-based and feature-based aspects of sensory attention interact in facilitating the detection of new stimuli in a stream. We recorded behavioural and ...

  • Neuronale Verarbeitung von Bewegungsverben in metaphorischer Bedeutung

    Diese Studie untersucht mit Hilfe von EEG die neuronale Verarbeitung von Verben, die körperliche Bewegungen in metaphorischen und buchstäblichen Kontexten bezeichnen. Die rhetorische Theorie geht davon aus, dass bildhafte Sprache dazu dient, dem ...

  • Cortical tracking of complex spoken sentences

    Humans naturally tune in to the rhythm of speech (Giraud & Poeppel, 2012). Recent work has shown that low-frequency brain rhythms have been shown concurrently to track the main constituents in a linguistic hierarchy: phrases and sentences ...

  • Linguistic competence in the frequency domain

    Can rhythmic neural activity be driven to reveal purely internal linguistic competence? To answer this question, I record human electroencephalographic data as participants listen to isochronously delivered word stimuli composing chains of ...

  • Brain on Screen

    When we go to the cinema, we partake in a complex experience. How does a series of two-dimensional images and sounds blend into an immersive, sometimes lifelike narrative experience? And how do different individuals in the movie theater become ...

  • Temporal expectations

    In a series of auditory experiments using the roving standard paradigm, I manipulate both time-based (when) and feature-based (what) aspects of prediction to determine if and how they facilitate behavior. Electroencephalographic (EEG) data is ...