PD Dr. Wolff Schlotz


Beratung zu methodischen Fragen, insbesondere in den folgenden Bereichen:

  • Versuchsplanung
  • Datenanalyse
  • Psychometrie

Weitere Funktionen

  • Datenschutzkoordinator
  • Ombudsperson


  • Psychometrie
  • Methoden des ambulanten Assessment
  • Längsschnitt-Datenanalyse
  • Persönlichkeit und Ästhetik
  • Stress im Alltag
  • Stressreaktivität



    2014PD, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
    2014Dr. habil., Psychologie, Universität Regensburg / Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
    2004Dr. rer. nat., Psychobiologie, Universität Trier
    2000Dipl.-Psych., Psychologie, Universität Trier

    Akademische Tätigkeiten

    Seit 2013Methodenspezialist am Max-Planck-Institut für empirische Ästhetik, Frankfurt am Main
    2011-2013Akademischer Rat am Institut für Experimentelle Psychologie, Universität Regensburg
    2007-2011Lecturer in Health Psychology an der School of Psychology der University of Southampton
    2005-2007Postdoctoral Research Fellow am MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, Southampton
    2000-2005Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Fachbereich I – Psychologie, Universität Trier



    Greb, F., Schlotz, W., & Steffens, J. (2017). Personal and situational influences on the functions of music listening. Psychology of Music. Advance online publication.  doi:10.1177/0305735617724883

    Herrera, R., Berger, U., Genuneit, J., Gerlich, J., Nowak, D., Schlotz, W., Vogelberg, C., von Mutius, E., Weinmayr, G., Windstetter, D., Weiglt, M., & Radon, K. (2017). Chronic Stress in Young German Adults: Who Is Affected? A Prospective Cohort Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14 (11), 1325.  doi:10.3390/ijerph14111325

    Kennedy, M., Kreppner, J., Knights, N., Kumsta, R., Maughan, B., Golm, D., Hill, J., Rutter, M. Schlotz, W., & Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2017). Adult disinhibited social engagement in adoptees exposed to extreme institutional deprivation: examination of its clinical status and functional impact. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 211 (5), 289-295.  doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.117.200618

    Kumsta, R.*, Schlotz, W.*, Golm, D., Moser, D., Kennedy, M., Knights, N., Kreppner, J., Maughan, B., Rutter, M., & Sonuga-Barke, E. (2017). HPA axis dysregulation in adult adoptees twenty years after severe institutional deprivation in childhood. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 86, 196-202.  doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2017.09.021

    Merk, J., Schlotz, W., & Falter, T. (2017). The Motivational Value Systems Questionnaire (MVSQ): Psychometric Analysis Using a Forced Choice Thurstonian IRT Model. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1626.  doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01626

    Powell, D. J., Liossi, C., Schlotz, W., & Moss-Morris, R. (2017). Tracking daily fatigue fluctuations in multiple sclerosis: ecological momentary assessment provides unique insights. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 40 (5), 772-783. doi:10.1007/s10865-017-9840-4

    Reichert, M., Tost, H., Reinhard, I., Schlotz, W., Zipf, A., Salize, H. J., Meyer-Lindenberg, A. & Ebner-Priemer, U. W. (2017). Exercise versus Nonexercise Activity: E-diaries Unravel Distinct Effects on Mood. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 49 (4), 763-773. doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000001149

    Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S., Kennedy, M., Kumsta, R., Knights, N., Golm, D., Rutter, M., Maughan, B., Schlotz, W., & Kreppner, J. (2017). Child-to-adult neurodevelopmental and mental health trajectories after early life deprivation: the young adult follow-up of the longitudinal English and Romanian Adoptees study. The Lancet, 389(10078), 1539-1548.  doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(17)30045-4

    Kennedy, M., Kreppner, J., Knights, N., Kumsta, R., Maughan, B., Golm, D., Rutter, M., Schlotz, W., &  Sonuga‐Barke, E. J. S. (2016). Early severe institutional deprivation is associated with a persistent variant of adult attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder: clinical presentation, developmental continuities and life circumstances in the English and Romanian Adoptees study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 57 (10), 1113-1125. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12576

    Menninghaus, W., Bohrn, I. C., Knoop, C. A., Kotz, S. A., Schlotz, W., & Jacobs, A. M. (2015). Rhetorical features facilitate prosodic processing while handicapping ease of semantic comprehension. Cognition, 143(0), 48-60. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2015.05.026

    Powell, D. J. H., Moss-Morris, R., Liossi, C., & Schlotz, W. (2015). Circadian cortisol and fatigue severity in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 56, 120-131. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2015.03.010

    Skoluda, N., Strahler, J., Schlotz, W., Niederberger, L., Marques, S., Fischer, S., Thoma, M. V., Spoerri, C., Ehlert, U., & Nater, U. M. (2015). Intra-individual psychological and physiological responses to acute laboratory stressors of different intensity. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 51, 227-236. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2014.10.002

    Schlotz, W., & Powell, D.J.H. (2014). Ambulatory assessment in neuropsychology: Applications in Multiple Sclerosis research. Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie, 25 (4), 239-251. doi:10.1024/1016-264X/a000140

    Schlotz, W., Godfrey, K. M., & Phillips, D. I. (2014). Prenatal Origins of Temperament: Fetal Growth, Brain Structure, and Inhibitory Control in Adolescence. PLoS ONE, 9 (5), e96715. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096715

    Powell, D.J.H., Liossi, C., Moss-Morris, R., & Schlotz, W. (2013). Unstimulated cortisol secretory activity in everyday life and its relationship with fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome: A systematic review and subset meta-analysis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38 (11), 2405-2422. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.07.004

    Schlotz, W., Phillips, D. I. W., & the Hertfordshire Cohort Study Group (2013). Birth weight and perceived stress reactivity in older age. Stress and Health, 29 (1), 56-63. doi:10.1002/smi.2425

    Banaschewski, T., Jennen-Steinmetz, C., Brandeis, D., Buitelaar, J. K., Kuntsi, J., Poustka, L., Sergeant, J. A., Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Frazier-Wood, A. C., Albrecht, B., Chen, W., Uebel, H., Schlotz, W., van der Meere, J. J., Gill, M., Manor, I., Miranda, A., Mulas, F., Oades, R. D., Roeyers, H., Rothenberger, A., Steinhausen, H.-C., Faraone, S. V., & Asherson, P. (2012). Neuropsychological correlates of emotional lability in children with ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53 (11), 1139-1148. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2012.02596.x

    Kudielka, B., Gierens, A., Hellhammer, D.H., Wüst, S., & Schlotz, W. (2012). Salivary Cortisol in Ambulatory Assessment – Some Dos, Some Don’ts, Some Open Questions. Psychosomatic Medicine, 74 (4), 418-431. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e31825434c7

    Powell, D.J. & Schlotz, W. (2012). Daily life stress and the cortisol awakening response: Testing the anticipation hypothesis. PLoS ONE, 7 (12), e52067. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052067 

    Rutter, M., Kumsta, R., Schlotz, W., & Sonuga-Barke, E. (2012). Longitudinal Studies Using a “Natural Experiment” Design: The Case of Adoptees From Romanian Institutions. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(8), 762-770. doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2012.05.011

    Teasdale, E., Yardley, L., Schlotz, W., & Michie, S. (2012). The importance of coping appraisal in behavioural responses to pandemic flu. British Journal of Health Psychology, 17 (1), 44-59. doi:10.1111/j.2044-8287.2011.02017.x

    Lawrence W., Schlotz W., Crozier S., Skinner T.C., Haslam C., Robinson S., Inskip H., Cooper C., Barker M. and The Food Choice Group (2011). Specific psychological variables predict quality of diet in women of lower, but not higher, educational attainment. Appetite, 56 (1), 46-52. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2010.11.003

    Routledge, C., Arndt, J., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Hart, C.M., Juhl, J., Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M., & Schlotz, W. (2011). The Past Makes the Present Meaningful: Nostalgia as an Existential Resource. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101 (3), 638-652. doi:10.1037/a0024292

    Schlotz, W., Hammerfald, K., Ehlert, U., & Gaab, J. (2011). Individual differences in the cortisol response to stress in young healthy men: Testing the roles of perceived stress reactivity and threat appraisal using multiphase latent growth curve modeling. Biological Psychology, 87 (2), 257-264. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.03.005

    Schlotz, W., Yim, I.S., Zoccola, P.M., Jansen, L., & Schulz, P. (2011). The Perceived Stress Reactivity Scale: Measurement invariance, stability and validity in three countries. Psychological Assessment, 23(1), 80-94. doi:10.1037/a0021148.

    Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Kumsta, R., Schlotz, W., Lasky-Su, J., Marco, R., Miranda, A., Mulas, F., Oades, R. D., Banaschewski, T., Mueller, U., Andreou, P., Christiansen, H., Gabriels, I., Uebel, H., Kuntsi, J., Franke, B., Buitelaar, J., Ebstein, R., Gill, M., Anney, R., Roeyers, H., Rothenberger, A., Sergeant, J., Steinhausen, H. C., Asherson, P., & Faraone, S. V. (2011). A Functional Variant of the Serotonin Transporter Gene (SLC6A4) Moderates Impulsive Choice in Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Boys and Siblings. Biological Psychiatry, 70(3), 230-236. doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2011.01.040

    Yardley, L., Miller, S., Schlotz, W., & Little, P. (2011). Evaluation of a Web-based Intervention to Promote Hand Hygiene: Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 13 (4), e107. doi:10.2196/jmir.1963

    Kumsta, R., Stevens, S., Brookes, K., Schlotz, W., Castle, J., Beckett, C., Kreppner, J., Rutter, M., & Sonuga-Barke, E.J.S. (2010). 5HTT genotype moderates the influence of early institutional deprivation on emotional problems in adolescence: evidence from the English and Romanian Adoptees (ERA) study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 755-762. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2010.02249.x

    Preuss, D., Schoofs, D., Schlotz, W., & Wolf, O. T. (2010). The stressed student: Influence of written examinations and oral presentations on salivary cortisol concentrations in university students. Stress, 13 (3), 221-229. doi:10.3109/10253890903277579

    Schlotz, W., Jones, A., Phillips, D.I.W., Gale, C.R., Robinson, S.M., & Godfrey, K. (2010). Lower maternal folate status in early pregnancy is associated with childhood hyperactivity and peer problems in offspring. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51, 594-602. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2009.02182.x

    Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Schlotz, W., & Kreppner, J. (2010). Differentiating developmental trajectories for conduct, emotion, and peer problems following early deprivation. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 75 (1), 102-124. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5834.2010.00552.x

    Sonuga-Barke, E. J., Schlotz, W., & Rutter, M. (2010). Physical growth and maturation following early severe institutional deprivation: Do they mediate specific psychopathological effects? Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 75 (1), 143-166. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5834.2010.00554.x

    Castle, J., Groothues, C., Beckett, C., Colvert, E., Hawkins, A., Kreppner, J., Kumsta, R., Schlotz, W., Sonuga-Barke, E., Stevens, S., Rutter, M. (2009). Parents' evaluation of adoption success: A follow-up study of intercountry and domestic adoptions. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 79, 522-531. doi:10.1037/a0017262

    Marco, R., Miranda, A., Schlotz, W., Melia, A., Mulligan, A., Muller, U., Andreou, P., Butler, L., Christiansen, H., Gabriels, I., Medad, S., Albrecht, B., Uebel, H., Asherson, P., Banaschewski, T., Gill, M., Kuntsi, J., Mulas, F., Oades, R., Roeyers, H., Steinhausen, H. C., Rothenberger, A., Faraone, S. V., & Sonuga-Barke, E. J. (2009). Delay and reward choice in ADHD: An experimental test of the role of delay aversion. Neuropsychology, 23, 367-380. doi:10.1037/a0014914

    Rowold, J., & Schlotz, W. (2009). Transformational and transactional leadership and followers’ chronic stress. Leadership Review, 9, 35-48.

    Schlotz, W., & Phillips, D.I.W. (2009). Fetal origins of mental health: Evidence and mechanisms. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 23, 905-916. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2009.02.001

    Ebner-Priemer, U.W., Kuo, J., Schlotz, W., Kleindienst, N., Rosenthal, M.Z., Detterer, L., Linehan, M.M., Bohus, M. (2008). Distress and affective dysregulation in patients with borderline personality disorder: A psychophysiological ambulatory monitoring study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 196, 314-320.  doi:10.1097/NMD.0b013e31816a493f

    Gale, C.R., Robinson, S.M., Godfrey, K.M., Law, C.M., Schlotz, W., O’Callaghan, F.J. (2008). Oily fish intake during pregnancy - association with lower hyperactivity but not with higher full-scale IQ in offspring. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 1061-1068. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.01908.x

    Hewig, J.*, Schlotz, W.*, Gerhards, F., Breitenstein, C., Lürken, A., & Naumann, E. (2008). Associations of the cortisol awakening response (CAR) with cortical activation asymmetry during the course of an exam stress period. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 33, 83-91. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2007.10.004

    Schlotz, W., Jones, A., Godfrey, K.M., & Phillips, D.I.W. (2008). Effortful control mediates associations of fetal growth with hyperactivity and behavioural problems in 7- to 9-year-old children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 1228-1236. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.01946.x

    Schlotz, W., Kumsta, R., Layes, I., Entringer, S., Jones, A., & Wüst, S. (2008). Covariance between psychological and endocrine responses to pharmacological challenge and psychosocial stress: a question of timing. Psychosomatic Medicine, 70, 787-796. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181810658

    Stiglmayr, C.E., Ebner-Priemer, U.W., Bretz, J., Behm, R., Mohse, M., Lammers, C.-H., Angelescou, I., Schmahl, C., Schlotz, W., Kleindienst, N., & Bohus, M. (2008). Dissociative symptoms are positively related to stress in borderline personality disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 117, 139-147. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.2007.01126.x

    Hellhammer, J., Fries, E., Schweisthal, O.W., Schlotz, W., Stone, A.A., & Hagemann, D. (2007). Several daily measurements are necessary to reliably assess the cortisol rise after awakening: State- and trait components. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 32, 80-86. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2006.10.005

    Nater, U., Rohleder, N., Schlotz, W., Ehlert, U., & Kirschbaum, C. (2007). Determinants of the diurnal course of salivary alpha-amylase. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 32, 392-401.   doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2007.02.007

    Schlotz, W., Ambery, P., Syddall H.E., Crozier, S., Aihie Sayer, A., Cooper, C., & Phillips, D.I.W. (2007). Specific associations of insulin resistance with health related quality of life in the Hertfordshire Cohort Study. Quality of Life Research, 16, 429-436. doi:10.1007/s11136-006-9129-5

    Schlotz, W., Jones, A., Phillips, N.M.M., Godfrey, K.M., & Phillips, D.I.W. (2007). Size at birth and motor activity during stress in children aged 7 to 9 years. Pediatrics, 120, e1237-e1244. doi:10.1542/peds.2006-3277

    Wilhelm, I., Born, J., Kudielka, B.M., Schlotz, W., & Wüst, S. (2007). Is the cortisol awakening rise a response to awakening? Psychoneuroendocrinology, 32, 358-366. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2007.01.008

    Federenko, I.S., Schlotz, W., Kirschbaum, C., Hellhammer, D.H., Bartels, M., & Wüst, S. (2006). The heritability of perceived stress. Psychological Medicine, 36, 375-386. doi:10.1017/S0033291705006616

    Federenko, I.S., Wolf, J.M., Wüst, S., Schlotz, W., Hellhammer, J., Kudielka, B.M., Kirschbaum, C., Hellhammer, D.H., & Wadhwa, P.D. (2006). Parity does not alter baseline or stimulated activity of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis in women. Developmental Psychobiology, 48, 703-711. doi:10.1002/dev.20187

    Schlotz, W., Schulz, P., Hellhammer, J., Stone, A.A., & Hellhammer, D.H. (2006). Trait anxiety moderates the impact of performance pressure on salivary cortisol in everyday life. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 459-472. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2005.11.003

    Schulz, P., Jansen, L., & Schlotz, W. (2005). Stressreaktivität: Theoretisches Konzept und Messung. Diagnostica, 51, 124-133. doi:10.1026/0012-1924.51.3.124

    Wüst, S., Entringer, S., Federenko, I. S., Schlotz, W., & Hellhammer, D. H. (2005). Birth weight is associated with salivary cortisol responses to psychosocial stress in adult life. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 30 (6), 591-598. doi:10.1016/j.psyneuen.2005.01.008

    Becker, P., Schulz, P., & Schlotz, W. (2004). Persönlichkeit, chronischer Stress und körperliche Gesundheit. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 12, 11-23. doi:10.1026/0943-8149.12.1.11

    Hellhammer, J., Schlotz, W., Stone, A.A., Pirke, K.M., & Hellhammer, D. (2004). Allostatic load, perceived stress, and health: a prospective study in two age groups. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1032, 8-13. doi:10.1196/annals.1314.002

    Schlotz, W., Hellhammer, J., Schulz, P., & Stone, A.A. (2004). Perceived work overload and chronic worrying predict weekend-weekday differences in the cortisol awakening response. Psychosomatic Medicine, 66, 207-214. doi:10.1097/01.psy.0000116715.78238.56

    Schulz, P., Hellhammer, J., & Schlotz, W. (2003). Arbeitsstress, sozialer Stress und Schlafqualität: Differentielle Effekte unter Berücksichtigung von Alter, Besorgnisneigung und Gesundheit. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 11, 1-9.  doi:10.1026//0943-8149.11.1.1

    Schulz, P., Schlotz, W., & Hellhammer, J. (2003). Zur Bestimmung von Alterseffekten bei der subjektiven Beurteilung des Schlafes. Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und ‑psychiatrie, 16, 63-75. doi:10.1024//1011-6877.16.2.63

    Schulz, P., Schlotz, W., Wolf, J., & Wüst, S. (2002). Geschlechtsunterschiede bei stressbezogenen Variablen: Der Einfluss der Neigung zur Besorgnis. Zeitschrift für Differentielle und Diagnostische Psychologie, 23, 305-326. doi:10.1024//0170-1789.23.3.305

    Schulz, P., & Schlotz, W. (1999). Das Trierer Inventar zur Erfassung von chronischem Streß (TICS): Skalenkonstruktion, teststatistische Überprüfung und Validierung der Skala Arbeitsüberlastung. Diagnostica, 45, 8-19.  doi:10.1026//0012-1924.45.1.8

    Beiträge in Sammelbänden

    Schlotz, W. (2013). Stress reactivity. In M.D. Gellman & R.J. Turner (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine (pp. 1891-1894). New York: Springer.

    Schlotz, W. (2012). Fetal effects. In R.J.R. Levesque (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Adolescence (pp. 1022-1033). New York: Springer.

    Schlotz, W. (2011). Ambulatory psychoneuroendocrinology: Assessing salivary cortisol and other hormones in daily life. In M.R. Mehl & T.S. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life (pp. 193-209). New York: Guilford.

    Schlotz, W. (2008). TICS: Trierer Inventar zum chronischen Stress. In J. Bengel, M. Wirtz & C. Zwingmann (Eds.), Diagnostische Verfahren in der Rehabilitation (S. 139-143), Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Gollwitzer, M., & Schlotz, W. (2003). Das "Trierer Inventar zur Lehrveranstaltungsevaluation" (TRIL): Entwicklung und erste testtheoretische Erprobungen. In G. Krampen & H. Zayer (Hrsg.), Psychologiedidaktik und Evaluation IV (S. 114-128). Bonn: Deutscher Psychologen Verlag.


    Rutter, M., Sonuga-Barke, E., Beckett, C., Castle, J., Kreppner, J., Kumsta, R., Schlotz, W., Stevens, S.E., & Bell, C.A. (2010). Deprivation-specific psychological patterns: Effects of nstitutional deprivation (Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD), Vol. 75(1)). Malden, MA: WileyBlackwell.

    Schlotz, W. (2005). Kovariation psychoendokriner Stressindikatoren: Analyse von Cortisol und Stresserleben mit Multilevel-Modellen. Berlin: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag wvb.

    Schulz, P., Schlotz, W., & Becker, P. (2004). Das Trierer Inventar zum chronischen Stress – Handanweisung. Göttingen: Hogrefe.