Neural Oscillations in Speech and Language Processing

Datum28–31. Mai 2017
Ort

Harnack-Haus der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, Berlin

Gastgeber

MPI für empirische Ästhetik, Abteilung Nerowissenschaften und
MPI für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften, Abteilung Neuropsychologie

Neuere Ergebnisse der auditorischen Neurowissenschaft zeigen, dass neurale Oszillationen sich während der Sprachverarbeitung mit den Rhythmen gesprochener Sprache synchronisieren. Auf höheren Verarbeitungsebenen spiegeln Zyklen kortikaler Erregung und Inhibierung auch Funktionen der syntaktischen und semantischen Verarbeitung wieder. Dieses internationale Symposium bringt führende Sprachforscherinnen und Neurowissenschaftler, die auf dem Feld der neuralen Oszillationen arbeiten, zusammen. Durch intensive Diskussionen und Präsentationen aktueller Arbeiten werden wir die Basis einer einheitlichen Perspektive auf die Rolle neuraler Oszillationen bei der auditorischen Verarbeitung und dem Sprachverständnis legen – vom Phonem bis hin zur Grammatik.

Dieser Workshop findet in englischer Sprache statt.

Introduction

Auditory neuroscience has provided strong evidence that neural oscillations synchronize to the rhythms of speech. Higher up in the hierarchy, cycles of cortical excitation and inhibition would also reflect syntactic parsing and the processing of sentence-level semantics. This international symposium will join leading researchers from the speech and language fields with eminent systems neuroscientists from the field of neural oscillations. Through intense discussions and presentations of exciting new work, we will lay out the basis for a unified perspective on the role of neural oscillations in speech processing and language comprehension—from phonemes to grammar.

Due to space constraints, symposium attendance is largely limited to the speakers and associated laboratory members. Yet, there are some attendance spots left; to inquire on this, please send an email to Alessandro Tavano.

Description

In recent years, auditory neuroscience has provided strong evidence that neural oscillations synchronize to the rhythm of speech stimuli. The idea is that temporal patterns of speech reset the phase of on-going neuronal fluctuations, facilitating speech perception. Higher up in the hierarchy, cycles of cortical excitation and inhibition would also reflect the internal processing of language features, either in a top-down or bottom-up fashion, even extending into assisting syntactic parsing and the processing of sentence-level semantics.

This international symposium will bring together world-leading researchers from the speech and language fields with most eminent systems neuroscientists from the field of neural oscillations—united in the discovery of how neural oscillations subserve cortical information processing. Through intense discussions and presentations of exciting new work, we will lay out the basis for a unified perspective on the role of neural oscillations in speech processing and language comprehension—from phonemes to grammar.

Objectives

Our symposium will bring into focus the oscillatory nature of brain processes as they assist speech and language analysis. The symposium comes at a significant instance where revolutionary insights into the neural oscillations underlying cognitive processes spread quickly across neuroscientific fields, just entering the neuroscience of speech processing and language comprehension. We will benefit the field by providing an early summary of a dynamically emerging literature, working the switches for coherent future research.

Scope

The first topic of the workshop, Experimental Work and Emerging Frameworks, will summarize the current state of the art and unearth fundamental controversial issues:
Beyond traditional methodology, what specific insights can neural oscillations provide to highlight fully new, potentially revolutionary aspects of the neurobiology of speech and language processing?
Are neural oscillations yet-another dependent measure of speech and language processing, or do they have unique explanatory value?

The second topic of the workshop, A Systems-Neuroscience Perspective, will reinforce the coherence of the emerging frameworks and probe their adequacy:

  • Are there neural oscillators specifically processing speech and language? Is such a hypothesis even plausible in the light of the highly stereotypical functionalities fulfilled by neural oscillations throughout cortical regions and network constellations?
  • Do neural time scales provide the adequate granularities to capture the extraction and hierarchical interaction of phonological, syntactic, and semantic information conveyed by natural speech? At which timescale is each hierarchical level best reflected, and which neural mechanisms are there to rapidly integrate each time scale on the fly?

Gimmicks

Selected workshop presentations were recorded, edited and are broadcast via the websites of the Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt am Main, and the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig. You can either watch the videos inline on this page (click "more" below the speakers' name) or on our Vimeo album: https://vimeo.com/album/4809207

While fostering extensive discussion also outside each speaker’s core research domain, the workshop will include a poster session to keep participants in sync with the broader data picture emerging across research laboratories and, just as important, with junior researchers.

Venue

The Neural Oscillations of Speech and Language Processing will take place from May 28–31, 2017, at the Harnack-Haus of the Max Planck Society in Berlin. Founded in 1929 and refurbished in 2000 with the goal to enable outstanding achievement through international collaboration, the Harnack-Haus provides a stimulating and relaxing working atmosphere, including on-site catering and accommodation.

Scientific Chairs

The first part, Experimental Work and Emerging Frameworks, will be chaired by Lars Meyer and Angela D. Friederici from the Department of Neuropsychology at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany. The Department of Neuropsychology has an outstanding track record in language neuroscience, including the discovery of language-related event-related brain potentials, the localization of the core language network via functional magnetic resonance imaging, and recent advances into the structural and functional connections within the language network.

The second part, A Systems-Neuroscience Perspective, will be chaired by Alessandro Tavano and David Poeppel from the Department of Neuroscience at the newly established Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Based within one of the leading families of neuroscientific research institutions (e.g., the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research; the Ernst Strüngmann Institute; the Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies), the Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics pushes research boundaries by investigating the interaction of our perceptual systems with speech, literature, music, and emotions.

Speakers

NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences, Breda, NL and Tilburg University, NL Website | Contact

Concerted action in the brain's language network: unification or prediction?

[mehr]

College of Biomedical Engineering and Instrument Sciences, Zhejiang University, CN | Website | Contact

Neural Representation of Hierarchical Structures in Speech

[mehr]

Ernst Strüngmann Institute (ESI) for Neuroscience in Cooperation with Max Planck Society, Frankfurt, DE | Website | Contact

Rhythms for Cognition: Communication through Coherence

[mehr]

Biomedical Engineering & Hearing Research Center, Boston University, US | Website | Contact

Oscillation-based models of speech perception: pressing questions

[mehr]

Department of Neuroscience, University of Geneva, CH | Website | Contact

Speech processing in auditory cortex with and without oscillations

[mehr]

Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, GB | Website | Contact

What can brain oscillations tell us about speech processing?

[mehr]

School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, GB | Website | Contact

Searching for memory in brain waves – The synchronization/desynchronization Conundrum

[mehr]

Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, DE | Website | Contact

Transcranial current stimulation with speech envelopes enhanced intelligibility

[mehr]

Centre for Human Brain Health, University of Birmingham, GB | Website | Contact

Coupling between frontal gamma and posterior alpha oscillations support language prediction

[mehr]

Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, GB | Website | Contact

Visual facilitation of auditory encoding and the role of slow network activity

[mehr]

Department of Mathematics & Statistics, Boston University, US | Website | Contact

Gamma, Beta and Predictions

[mehr]

Dynamical Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, Nathan Kline Institute, Orangeburg, US | Website | Contact

Dynamics and function of neuronal oscillatory entrainment in the auditory system

[mehr]

School of Philosophy, Psychology, and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh, GB & Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, NL | Website | Contact

Linking linguistic and cortical computation via hierarchy and time

[mehr]

Department of Neurology, NYU School of Medicine, US and Department of Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt, DE | Website | Contact

Learning to uncover structure: insights from intracranial EEG

[mehr]

Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, DE | Website | Contact

The Purpose of Synchronicity: Neural Oscillations Align Excitability with Linguistic Informativeness

[mehr]

Department of Psychology, University of Lübeck, DE | Website | Contact

Comprehending the patterns: Patterns of comprehension

[mehr]

Radboud University, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour and Radboud University Medical Center, Department of Medical Psychology, Nijmegen, NL | Website | Contact

Oscillations as a bridge between language and other cognitive domains

[mehr]

Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt, DE | Website | Contact

Internal rhythms to sentences

[mehr]

CerCo-CNRS, Toulouse, FR | Website | Contact

Perceptual cycles in vision and audition

[mehr]

Cognitive Neuroimaging Unit, CEA DRF/I2BM, INSERM, Paris-Sud University, Paris-Saclay University, NeuroSpin center, Gif/Yvette, FR | Website | Contact

Neural oscillations: reconciling timing and meaning

[mehr]

The Gonda Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, IL | Website | Contact

Depth of Processing for Unattended Speech

[mehr]

Contact

Alessandro Tavano

Max Planck Institute for Empirical Aesthetics, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

+49 69 8300479-321

alessandro.tavano@ae.mpg.de

Organized by

Lars Meyer

Dr. Lars Meyer, M.Sc.

Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany

Scientific Researcher

+49 341 9940-2266

E-Mail

Alessandro Tavano

Dr. Alessandro Tavano

Neurowissenschaften

Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter

+49 69 8300479-321

E-Mail

Angela D. Friederici

Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Angela D. Friederici

Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany

Director

+49 341 9940-112

E-Mail

David Poeppel

Prof. David Poeppel, PhD

Neurowissenschaften

Direktor

+49 69 8300479-301

E-Mail

Downloads

  • ProgramProgram "NO17" (PDF, Size A4, single pages)260 KB
  • PosterPoster "NO17" (PDF, Size A1)2 MB